1. Muscle/Ligament Strain
The muscles in the back and neck provide mobility and strength to the body and help perform activities in our daily life. Strains occur when a muscle is weak or overworked, and therefore, can be one reason for back and neck pain. If you think you are experiencing a muscle strain you may consider trying OTC medications, heat/cold compresses, rest or therapy. If these therapies fail to provide relief you may consider consulting a spine specialist.
Not all spinal conditions are age related however, age is one contributing factor to various degenerative changes in the discs and joints of the spine which can lead to back or neck pain. As we age the density of our bones can decrease as can the elasticity of muscles and ligaments surrounding the spine. To help minimize some of these age related changes it’s important to exercise regularly, maintain proper body posture, ensure intake of proper nutrition, and avoid tobacco.
3. Poor Posture
Poor posture habits, such as sitting hunched over a desk or slouching in front of a TV, can stress the discs that cushion the vertebrae, which can cause joint compression and muscle fatigue. Maintaining proper posture can help prevent muscular imbalance, muscle weakness and tightness of muscles, which overtime can contribute to back and neck pain.
4. Spinal Arthritis
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and affects millions of people around the world. Osteoarthritis can affect any joint in the body including the spine. Arthritis in the spine can sometimes cause narrowing of the spinal canal, a condition called spinal stenosis.
5. Herniated Discs
Herniated discs occur when the inner part of the disc pushes through the exterior casing. This can cause pain, numbness or weakness in the extremities. This can occur in both the lower back and the neck. In some causes physical therapy, medication or spinal injections can help alleviate pain associated with a herniated disc. If conservative measures fail to provide an acceptable reduction in pain, surgical options may include artificial disc replacement, endoscopic spine surgery, discectomy, or spinal fusion.
If you or someone you know has been experiencing neck or back pain, consult a spine surgeon before the problem gets worse. Our patient navigator can help connect you with a number of experienced spine surgeons on our medical staff, who specialize in providing back and neck pain treatment. Give us a call today and stop living with pain.