Studies have indicated that as much as 80% of the population can expect to suffer from back pain at some point during their life, with some of the most severe cases primarily affecting the lower back. If you are currently experiencing problems and are interested in finding out how to relieve lower back pain or what is causing it, this guide should prove to be useful. However, we recommend that you visit a local specialist if you are suffering from chronic or severe lower back pain, so you can discuss all the treatment options and choose one that meets your needs.
What can cause lower back pain?
There are quite a few possible causes of lower back pain, some of the most commonly encountered of which we have listed below.
- Strains and sprains – Whether from repetitive movements or a single movement that puts too much stress on your back, muscle strains and ligament sprains are the single most common cause of lower back pain. In many cases, a combination of pain management and manual therapy is the most effective way to treat strains and sprains. Adjustments to your lifestyle may also be required in the event of frequent recurrences of the original condition.
- Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD) – Even if you avoid putting unnecessary strain on your lower back, the aging process can cause problems. The loss of fluid in spinal discs is one of these problems and DDD, as it is known, can lead to severe lower back pain. If you want to know how to fix lower back pain caused by DDD, you should consult a local specialist. Common options include compression, strength exercises and physical therapy but if the condition leads to a herniated disc, a discectomy may be the most effective choice of treatment.
- Herniated disc – A herniated disc may result from DDD, as mentioned above. It may also result from placing too much load on your spine with a single movement. In either case, a discectomy is one of the surgical treatment options that is often offered to patients. However, for less severe cases, a regimen of pain medication and manual therapy may keep the pain at acceptable levels.
- Facet or sacroiliac joint dysfunction – If the cartilage in either of these types of joints should become inflamed, it can lead to significant lower back pain. When asked how to relieve lower back pain due to facet or sacroiliac joint dysfunction, most specialists will probably recommend some combination of pain management medication and therapy. Spinal fusion or facet rhizotomy may be recommended for more serious cases of facet joint dysfunction.
- Spinal stenosis – This condition is a narrowing of the canal in your spine in which the nerves are located. The compression of these nerves causes consistent lower back pain. Pain management, physical therapy, corticosteroid injections and lifestyle modifications may be recommended in many cases while decompressive laminectomy is a surgical option for cases where the pain reaches intolerable levels and is not sufficiently relieved by the aforementioned treatments.
If you are searching for information on how to fix lower back pain, you first need to identify what is causing the pain. As you can see, there are a number of common causes, to which can be added less common conditions such as compression fractures, deformities and osteoarthritis. Consulting a spinal specialist and asking him or her the right questions will help you to choose the best course of treatment for your specific condition.
If you are suffering from lower back pain and you’re in Texas or able to travel here, please call or email us to make an appointment to see one of our experienced consultants.